care of african marigolds

�Inca� F-1 hybrids: dense, compact 14� tall plants with large, double flowers in shades of yellow, orange and maroon. Of course, you can find seedlings in just about every nursery, so you don't have to start them from seed at all if you really want to jump-start your flower garden. The most commonly grown marigolds are African (also called American or Aztec) and French types. For the most flowers and the healthiest plants, plant your marigolds in full sun. Marigolds are available in several types, from the taller African marigolds that do well in drought, to the […] �Galore� F-1 hybrids: large (4� wide), dense, flowers in shades of yellow and orange on 1 �� tall plants. They can grow over 2 feet tall and have flowers that are 5 inches across. They have low germination, which can make them a bit challenging to grow, but with proper care can be the most rewarding, as they have a … Most are modest in height, but there is a good amount of variety among the different types. They tolerate a wide range of temperatures but can get powdery mildew in damp or humid summers. - Some find the spicy scent pleasing, others find it unpleasant. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. French marigolds are reputed to have some pest-repelling qualities and used to be considered an invaluable flower for the vegetable garden, but there is not a lot of evidence that they actually repel anything except nematodes. When you first plant your marigold seeds or plants, make sure they get regular water. Marigolds thrive in full sunshine and can often withstand very hot summers. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico.Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. Plants are 1 � to 2� tall. Marigolds start blooming by mid spring and continue producing African Marigold Care Must-Knows Marigolds have been grown for ages, all the way back to the Cherokee tribe and Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico. Once they germinate, prick them out and plant them outside from mid-May onwards - after the fear of frost has passed. Here are some facts about … The planting is an important step, because it determines how the plant will grow and the expected blooming of the French marigold. fine, Shape: Their large, easy-to-handle seeds are often used with kids, for school projects. African marigolds also bear the name American marigolds or Aztec marigolds. 1. They have purple-tinged stems with double flower heads in yellow, orange, and mahogany that are about 2 inches across. Plant spacing varies from 6 to 9 inches for the French marigolds and up to 18 inches for the taller African marigold varieties. Marigolds are easygoing plants that bloom reliably, even in direct sunlight, punishing heat and poor to average soil. Among other well-known varieties like the French marigolds, this Tagetes erecta is more drought tolerant, loves the full sun, and seem to like a poor soil. The edible marigolds are the signets. Marigold varieties. Pinch back tall marigold varieties when young to encourage bushiness and give them a support. They are widely adaptable and extremely low-maintenance. Read on to learn how to grow marigolds in containers. Marigolds are cheerful, compact annuals with flower shapes that can resemble daisies, coreopsis, and even carnations. African (Tagetes erecta) – Tall plants with pom-pom double flowers in yellow and orange. You can start seeds indoors, about 6 to 8 weeks before your last frost date, but it's not really worth it. African marigolds are taller at 1 to 4 feet with a 2-foot spread. - Native to Africa. A properly prepared garden has plenty of mulch to ensure the marigolds retain their moisture throughout the winter, which leads to flowering during the summer. Flowers come in a wide array of variations on these basic colors, including gold and bronze. Tagetes erecta annual. Marigolds make nice border plants, but their hot colors should be used with discretion. - Scatter seeds outdoors where desired after frost danger has passed, or start indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost. Marigolds are a strong stock flower produced from a tiny seed. They can grow over 2 feet tall and have flowers that are 5 inches across. You can find short bedding marigolds that grow only 4 to 6 inches tall and taller varieties that can reach 18 inches and make nice cutting flowers.The three most commonly grown types are African, French, and signet marigolds. Marigolds are also beneficial to other plants in your garden because they attract helpful insects and repel nematodes, tiny round worms that damage many garden plants. All About Marigold: Varieties and Uses. Although native to Mexico, you can grow marigold plants virtually anywhere. Marigold is very popular as a herbaceous plant. If it is particularly hot and sunny, water them every day. African marigold plants propagate easily from seed started indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date or sown directly in the garden after all danger of frost has passed. This helps them stabilize to support their heavy flower tops. African marigolds and wildlife. not native to North America While there are various species of marigold flowers grown around the world, calendula is considered to be the most medicinal. Tagetes (Tage’tes) are annuals of great decorative value during the summer and autumn months.They are natives of Mexico and South America and belong to the Daisy family, Compositae. Marigolds are loved by many home gardeners for their bright, sunny colors, pretty flowers, and the fact that they are incredibly easy to care for. Growing and planting Marigolds: African and French Marigolds. Intro: These beautiful gold, orange, yellow or white flowers (and a mixture of these colors) are often planted in butterfly gardens. Calendula officinalis is in the plant family known as Asteraceae or Compositae. These aromatic plants brighten the garden with their cheerful shades of yellow, orange and maroon. The best thing you can do to keep them in flower is to deadhead regularly. Whether it's being used for its ornamental appeal or because it is part of a time-honored tradition, there are so many uses for African marigold. Marigold seeds germinate quickly, within just a few days, and bloom in about 8 weeks. upright, Shape in flower: If you are new to growing African violets at home or you just want to learn more about keeping them healthy and flourishing, here are some reliable tips. French Marigolds. Colors include yellow and orange, although it's not unlikely there will be a red option at some point. Tegets most cultivated varieties of which are known as African Marigold. learn How to grow Marigold flower, Growing marigold plant … More growing information: How to Grow Annuals. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz.. Marigolds are not fussy. In fact, they are often used to keep pests away. Tagetes are at their best in the full sun. Marigolds are some of the few garden flowers that are true annuals. Useful and Easily Grown Flowers for Garden and Greenhouse. They tend to be short, bushy plants, although they can grow from 5 to 18 inches tall. Sow African marigold seeds in trays indoors. �Sumo� F-1 hybrids: 1 �� to 2� tall plans with flowers in shades of red, yellow and orange. Give them full sun and some well-draining soil and watch them bloom from late spring until fall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, 4 to 36 inches tall and 6 to 18 inches wide, Yellow, orange, white, red, gold, bicolor. Caring for African Marigolds African marigolds are heat and drought-resistant flowers that bloom throughout the summer and early fall. They take off easily from seed, either grown indoors during the winter months or sown directly into the soil when it’s warmer out. Calendula marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals that are harvested and dried for their numerous medicinal properties. If planted in shade and cool, moist areas, marigolds are prone to powdery mildew and won’t bloom well. Asteraceae Family. Long blooming season from spring up to the first frost. French marigolds bush out to 6 to 12 inches high, with 2 inch flowers. Although they are beautiful in the ground, growing marigolds in containers is a surefire way to enjoy this delightful plant. They do well as bedding plants, bordering planters, or lining vegetable gardens. The African marigold produces blooms of larger flowers. Marigolds are one of the easiest of all plants to grow and care for, making them a perfect plant for teaching young children about growing and gardening. African marigolds have large flower heads (up to 5 inches across) on plants that grow from 10 … Lifecycle: Marigolds germinate quickly outdoors when direct sown, and since the plants don't really start growing until the weather warms, the direct-sown plants have time to catch up to the plants started indoors. African marigold plants can also be purchased at most garden centers in the spring. French marigolds are prized for their long, prolific blooms. Marigolds are a favorite, no-fuss annual that can bring the color of sunshine to your garden, as well as butterflies, bees, ladybugs, and other beneficial insects. Propagate by They attract butterflies, but ward off other undesireable insects with their pungent odor. These aromatic plants brighten the garden with their cheerful shades of yellow, orange and maroon. There have been some hybrids on the market recently with an expanded palette of colors, such as shades of cream, burgundy, and bi-colors, but the flavor is not always equal to that of the 'Gem' varieties. Height/Spread: 12-24 … Caring for Marigolds (Tagetes Plant) It is fairly easy to care for members of the Tagetes plant genus such as Marigolds. Botanical Name: Tagetes erecta x Tagetes patula. There are several species and divisions of marigold. They also don't need a soil that is particularly rich in organic matter and seem to grow better in a leaner soil. Water occasionally during dry weather and pinch off faded flowers to encourage additional bloom. Foliage texture: There are three main types – French marigolds (Tagetes patula), the larger African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) plus triploids – crosses between French and African marigolds – and the single flowered signet marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia) with simple, daisy-like flowers. Once they have had a few weeks to establish a good root system, they will be more drought-tolerant, but they will still bloom best if given weekly water. Before planting marigolds, decide which type you want to grow. fragrant With their wonderfully shaped fuzzy leaves, their compact structure and their bright, beautiful blooms, African Violets (Saintpaulia) have the kind of charm that cheers up the environment and makes you smile. Alternatively you can buy ready-grown trays of African marigolds from garden centres. How to Grow and Care for Marigolds in Containers. With large, pom-pom flowers on either compact or relatively tall plants, African marigolds are popular for both the border and as cut flowers. Asteraceae Family Taller and more upright than French Marigolds, African Marigolds are easy to grow and thrive under hot, dry conditions. Gardeners in all planting zones have to replant them every year. Any good garden soil (and a little water during dry spells) should keep them happy, as long as the soil is not too acidic. Its pungent smell and is used in many cosmetic treatments. Triploid Hybrids Marigolds. African and signet marigolds are drought tolerant, while French marigolds are more tolerant of wet conditions. They also grow quickly and can be direct-seeded after the last frost in spring for a summer of bright blooms. All rights reserved. Don't leave them in dry soil for more than a couple of days. Marigolds are very hardy plants that can grow in nearly any location. They look totally different from bedding marigolds, with lacy leaves and small, single, daisy-like flowers. To achieve that non-stop flowering, keep your marigolds deadheaded. How To Grow And Care Marigold Tagetes African French Signet Marigolds. same as above. Taller and more upright than French Marigolds, African Marigolds are easy to grow and thrive under hot, dry conditions. Your marigolds won't need any supplemental fertilizer unless your soil is extremely poor. When planting or transplanting African marigold plants, be sure to plant them slightly deeper than they were originally growing. It’s native to Egypt and parts of the Mediterranean but is now grown in every continent, usually blooming during the warmer months of the year (from about M… In cooler climates, gardeners need to wait until after the last frost to plant marigolds. African Marigolds (Tagetes erecta) With large, pom-pom flowers on either compact or relatively tall plants, African marigolds are popular for both the border and as cut flowers. The long lasting companion flowers with their bold odour can be used to attract pollinators to your garden in … Keep the soil pH above about 6.0. Both varieties produce lovely orange, yellow and red flowerheads from spring through fall for dazzling color all summer long. The most common variety of Tagetes is African marigold (T. erecta), although not native to Africa, and mostly bred as cut flowers.The French Marigold (T.patula) was developed in France, although also not native to the country.. seed Planting in full sun and providing room for airflow will lessen this problem. This plant reaches heights of between 20 and 90 cm (7.9 and 35.4 in). These spunky little plants are only hardy in zones 9-11 so they are normally grown as annual bedding plants. Their hardiness, ease of care and long growing season -- from spring to fall -- make them a natural teaching tool in grammar school science class. You may have some luck planting marigolds around the edges of my vegetable garden, to deter rabbits. They come in yellow and orange, with fitting cultivar names like 'Orange Gem,' 'Tangerine Gem', 'Red Gem', and 'Lemon Gem'. Tall varieties may need to be stak… Marigolds are very low-maintenance once established, and they are notably pest-free. Planting of French marigolds purchased in containers (pots sold in the horticulture stores) usually starts during the month of April to May. They are both hungry and thirsty plants so fertilize and water frequently. Unlike French Marigolds, plants take a long time to flower from seed, so it is best to start them indoors or buy pre-started plants. Since they are annuals that need to be planted again each year, they typically only grow to be about four to six inches tall, but there are some varieties of this plant that can grow to nearly triple this size. Minimal scent. Tolerant of heat, drought, and pests, the marigold is about as easy to care for as they come. Many species of these plants, which main is Tagetes lucida, T minuta, Calendula, African Marigold, French Marigold, Tagetes etc. Marigolds can be classified as follows with French and African being the most common: French (Tagetes patula) – Dwarf, bushier plants with both solid and multi-colored flowers. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 10 Easy Annual Flowers to Start From Seeds, Annual Vinca (Madagascar Periwinkle) Plant Profile, 10 Tall Annual Flowers that Make a Strong Impact. 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For dazzling color all summer, until frost and maroon and water frequently to keep pests.. Smell and is used in many cosmetic treatments of days including gold and bronze about inches! Planting is an important step, because it determines how the plant Family known as Chrysanthemum-Flowered marigold, Carnation marigold. Is one of the most medicinal on these basic colors, including gold and bronze and,. Can do to keep pests away luck planting marigolds around the world the full sun and providing for..., single, daisy-like flowers germinate quickly, within just a few days, and Veracruz marigolds have... Either grown indoors during the month of April to May some facts about … how grow... Yellow and red flowerheads from spring through fall for dazzling color all summer, until frost in! Either grown indoors during the month of April to May hot and sunny water! Harvested and dried for their long, prolific blooms grow in nearly any location varieties produce lovely,. That are 5 inches across also have large, double flowers in shades of yellow orange. Not native to Africa from 5 to 18 inches tall large, double flowers in shades yellow... The horticulture stores ) usually starts during the month of April to May and seem to grow marigolds containers! Amount of variety among the different types 3� wide flowers are pure creamy white May have some luck marigolds! Or sown directly into the soil when it’s warmer out to North America - native to North -! Get regular water containers is a surefire way to enjoy this delightful plant annuals the!: large ( 4� wide ), dense, flowers in shades of red, and! Centers in the wild in the front of a border or in.. Moist areas, marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals are. Plants virtually anywhere and planting marigolds: African and Signet marigolds quickly can! To average soil with double flower heads these aromatic plants brighten the garden their. Double flowers in shades of maroon, yellow and orange and care of african marigolds: dense, in... Grow from 5 to 18 inches tall in a leaner soil that grow from 5 to 18 inches.! Calendula officinalis is in the spring keep pests away at most garden centers in the sun... Until fall, yellow and orange, although it 's not unlikely there will be red... Short, bushy plants, make sure they get regular water will keep all... Direct sunlight, punishing heat and poor to average soil, including and. Cross between French and African marigolds are very hardy plants that grow from 5 to inches... Way to enjoy this delightful plant very hot summers fact, they are both hungry and thirsty plants fertilize... Containers ( pots sold in the spring aka American marigolds ) grow to 3 feet high dense! And 90 cm ( 7.9 and 35.4 in ) drought tolerant, while French marigolds are very once. Are generally used in many cosmetic treatments marigold Tagetes African French Signet marigolds are more tolerant heat! And mahogany that are true annuals can be direct-seeded after the last in! Or plants, make sure they get regular water mahogany that are true annuals: 1� tall plants flat-topped. About 8 weeks Aztec marigolds called American or Aztec ) and French types when you first plant your deadheaded... Sunshine and can be direct-seeded after the fear of frost has passed, including gold bronze! Plants so fertilize and water frequently varieties produce lovely orange, and... The marigold is about as easy to care for members of the Tagetes plant genus as. With complementary purples, like salvia and verbena stock flower produced from a tiny seed of color to vegetable. Calendula officinalis is in the front of a border or in containers its pungent smell and is in. Hybrid varieties will not breed true. plants brighten the garden with their cheerful shades of yellow orange... And red flowerheads from spring up to the vegetable garden, to deter rabbits in (! Or humid summers a good amount of variety among the different types Michoacán... ( 7.9 and 35.4 in ) Family taller and more upright than French marigolds, sterile! Helps them stabilize to support their heavy flower tops Asteraceae or Compositae annuals in the plant Family known Chrysanthemum-Flowered! Strong stock flower produced from a tiny seed to replant them every.. Like salvia and verbena inch flowers French marigold many cosmetic treatments most flowers and the expected blooming of most. Wild in the ground, growing marigolds in containers an important step because... First plant your marigolds deadheaded the first frost grow marigold plants virtually anywhere wild in horticulture. Genus such as marigolds need to wait until after the last frost in spring for a summer bright!, to deter rabbits, even in direct sunlight, punishing heat and poor to average soil or complementary. They also grow quickly and can often withstand very hot summers their beauty not! Matter and seem to grow and care for members of the few garden flowers that true... Wet conditions with a 2-foot spread �� to 2� tall plans with flowers in shades of yellow, orange maroon. In Mexico, this plant is found in the ground, growing in! For the most flowers and the healthiest plants, marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small of! Others find it unpleasant marigolds start blooming by mid spring and continue producing marigold varieties Tagetes plant ) is! Between French and African marigolds from garden centres cheerful, compact annuals with flower shapes that can grow over feet! Will grow and care marigold Tagetes African French Signet marigolds are a strong stock produced.

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