Sher Shah Suri set up a strong army. During the rule of Sher Shah, peasants had also to pay jaribana (survey charge) and muhasilana (tax collection charge). Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 10:54 IST. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. He issued a large number of silver coins and fixed a ratio between the copper and silver coins. Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. He repaired many old roads and constructed new ones also. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah): It was in Persian and written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah’s administration. Sher Shah College, Sasaram (Rohtas) is a constituent unit of Magadh University Bodh Gaya (Bihar). 3. Shiqdar-i-Shiqdaran was responsible for maintaining law and order. Above the Pargana was the … For the collection of revenue, he employs a large number of officials like Amins, Muqaddams, Shiqdars, Quanungos, and Patwaris. Revenue Administration : Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. Besides, Sher Shah also constructs a new city on the bank of Yamuna near Delhi. It is worth to mention that Mughal rulers and eventually the British Colonial Administration adopts Sher Shah’s practical approach to state administration. Munshife-i-munshifan: supervise the revenue collection. Besides, Abbas Khan Sarwani complies with Sher Shah’s historical work – Tarikh-i-Sher shahi (history of Sher Shah) dating 15 CE. Division of the sarkars into parganas. Shiqdar-i-shiqadaran: maintain law and order. The administration of Sher Shah was military in nature but on the same hand he undertook every possible step for the welfare of his subjects. Sher Shah's administration, both civil and military, has been regarded highly successful. He did not introduce any new liberal policies. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. His main care was the military organization for the safety of the Kingdom against invasion or internal disorder. Sher Shah had a very strong sense of justice had its administration under him was even handed, no distinction being made: between the high and the low, and not even the close relatives of the king being spared from its decrees. Every soldier had a descriptive role and recorded. Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. Also, he pays the soldiers’ salaries in cash and discontinues the system of Jagirs. Administration of Sher Shah Suri: A detailed Summary Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Otherwise, the administration should pay the same penalty as the accused. He created no new … In the Parganas the civil suits were disposed of by the Amin and other criminal cases were disposed of by the Qazi and the Mir-i-Adal. His short rule was marked by many beneficent reforms in every branch of administration. They played an important part in the expansion of Trade and commerce. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. Of these roads four are very importantly, the Grand Trunk Road, which lays between Sunargoan in East Bengal and Attock in the north-west boundary of India, a … On both sides of these roads, he planted trees and provided wells and sarais for the convenience of travelers. Sher Shah established a sound system of administration in his brief reign of 5 years. He was also a great builder. Explain the characteristics of the Sher-Shah administration. SHER SHAH'S ADMINISTRATION Great as a conqueror that he was, Sher Shah was greater still as a ruler. Ariz-i-mamalik headed the department named -Diwan-i-arz. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. He even laid down rules and regulations for every branch of the administration. The Panchayats also played an important role in the village administration. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. He planted shade- giving trees and trees of fruits on both sides of the roads. Each province had a governor with his team of officials to carry out the administrative duties. There were several Bakshis in the empire to look after the army. He was the man who experiment the public welfare administrative system in India for the first time. Of his four great roads, one connected Sonargaon (near modern Dacca) in Bengal, through Agra, Delhi, and Lahore, with the Indus; others connected Agra and Mandu; Agra, Jodhpur, and Chitor; and Lahore and Multan. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. Published: October 10, 2015. That is why his State is known as the First Muslim Welfare State. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. In his empire the custom duties have to be paid only at two places: Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. During his reign, he completes some of the finest works in Hindi such as the Padmavat of Malik Muhammad and Jaisi. Sher Shah known as a good administrator because of following reasons: 1. He organizes his army to be more efficient. There were four ministers and they were in charge of daily routine work of administration. Sher Shah’s Administration • Sher Shah was a brilliant administrator. For administrative convenience Sher Shah divided his whole empire into 47 divisions called sarkars (Sher Shah did not … Question 3. This step greatly encouraged traders and brought prosperity. B. 7. Again he divides the Sardars into Parganas. Chief Qazi was the head of the judicial department in the Kingdom. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then as the governor of Bihar. Besides, he did not allow any distinction on the basis of religion, caste, or creed. He divided his whole empire into 47 divisions called ‘Sarkars’ and these were again subdivided into smaller administrative units called ‘Parganas’. However, the panchayat and the zamindar also deal with civil and criminal cases at the local level. 15. 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