As such, it assumed the important function of representing a cosmopolitan and urbane Kairouan, one of the first cities organized under Muslim rule in North Africa. Click here to start a new topic. This is the least expensive place to buy them. The drum rests on squinches, small arches decorated with shell over rosette designs similar to examples in Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad Islamic art. Its most striking feature is the formal emphasis on the building’s T-like axis punctuated by two domes, one of which hovers over the earliest preserved ensemble of mihrab, minbar, and maqṣūrah. Kairouan Great Mosque. …acres [30 hectares]) contains the Great Mosque, with a 115-foot- (35-metre-) high minaret. Brewminate uses Infolinks and is an Amazon Associate with links to items available there. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Though the mosque is now near the northwest city ramparts established in the eleventh century, when Sidi Okba founded Kairouan, it was probably closer to the center of town, near what was the governor’s residence and the main thoroughfare, a symbolically prominent and physical visible part of the city. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Great Mosque of Kairouan article. Every city in Tunisia has a Great Mosque, but the Great Mosque in Kairouan is the most important of all. were the semi-independent rulers of much of North Africa. The Great Mosque isn't close to anything in particular, but it's rich history and unique architecture are worth the long drive. Around 690, shortly after its construction, the mosque was destroyed during the occupation of Kairouan by the Berbers, originally conducted by Kusaila. This is the least expensive place to buy them. The aesthetics signified the Great Mosque and Kairouan, and, thus, its patrons, were just as important as the religious structures, cities, and rulers of other empires in this region, and that Kairouan was part of the burgeoning Islamic empire. Though the mosque is now near the northwest city ramparts established in the eleventh century, when Sidi Okba founded Kairouan, it was probably closer to the center of town, near what was the governor’s residence and the main thoroughfare, a symbolically prominent and physical visible part of the city. A Friday Mosque is used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day, Friday. The Great Mosque isn't close to anything in particular, but it's rich history and unique architecture are worth the long drive. The Great Mosque was literally and figuratively at the center of Kairouan activity, growth, and prestige. The Islamic governors of Tunisia built the Great Mosque at Kairouan in the 800s AD, in the time of the Abbasid Empire. Be sure to bring a bunch of cash if you're interested in purchasing Tunisian rugs- they are handmade, traditional crafts of the area and are stunningly beautiful. But the mosque at Kairouan was much grander than anything being built in Northern Europe at this time Richard Ettinghausen, Oleg Grabar, Marilyn Jenkins-Madina. Kairouan: The Sidi Amor Abada Museum The Raqqada National Museum of Islamic art The Great Mosque of Kairouan The Sidi Abid al-Ghariani Mausoleum The Aghlabid basins: From 16/09 to 31/05 : 08.00 - 14.00 From 01/06 to 15/09 : 07.30 - 14.00 From 17/06 to 17/07 : Horaire Ramadan 8:00-14:00: 12 Dt : Grouped ticket. The small windows in the drum of the dome above the mihrab space let natural light into what was an otherwise dim interior. Since it was used for Friday prayer, the mosque has a ninth-century minbar, a narrow wooden pulpit where the weekly sermon was delivered. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. Rays fall around the most significant area of the mosque, the mihrab. It is said to be the oldest surviving wooden minbar. It was built between 724 and 727 and has a massive square form. By Dr. Colette ApelianAdjunct Professor of Art HistoryJohns Hopkins University. 8 The Great Mosque of Kairouan. See the bottom of each page for copyright information. Its most striking feature is the formal emphasis on the building’s T-like axis punctuated by two domes, one of which hovers over the earliest preserved ensemble of mihrab, minbar, and maqṣūrah. Even today, the Great Mosque of Kairouan reflects the time and place in which it was built. In 1294, Caliph al-Mustansir restored the courtyard and added monumental portals, such as Bab al-Ma on the east and the domed Bab Lalla Rejana on the west. If you are travelling to Tunisia for religion and culture, don’t miss the Kairouan great Mosque, which is the oldest Mosque in North Africa. Location: In the Medina, Kairouan, Tunisia. HISTORY The great mosque of Kairouan was built under the provinces of Ifriqiya, which the Arab annexed in AD 670, at which time they founded the city of Kairouan. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. By the mid-tenth century, Kairouan became a thriving settlement with marketplaces, agriculture imported from … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Other architectural elements link the Great Mosque of Kairouan with earlier and contemporary Islamic religious structures and pre-Islamic buildings. The history of the Great Mosque of Kairouan: In 670 in Kairouan was built the first mosque, to North Africa of Muslim Arabs shortly after the arrival. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, also known as the Mosque of Uqba, is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan. By the founder of Kairouan it was built, he was the Sidi Oqba, for that as the Sidi Oqba Mosque is also known the mosque. Perhaps inspired by Roman lighthouses, the massive square Kairouan minaret is about thirty two meters tall, over one hundred feet, making it one of the highest structures around. As such, it assumed the important function of representing a cosmopolitan and urbane Kairouan, one of the first cities organized under Muslim rule in North Africa. The Mosque has Aghlabid architecture and appears as a fortress on a hill. In the thirteenth century, the Hafsids gave the mosque a more fortified look when they added buttresses to support falling exterior walls, a practice continued in later centuries. The Great Mosque of Uqba. The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. During the eighth century, Sidi Okba’s mosque was rebuilt at least twice as Kairouan prospered. In Kairouan the Great Mosque was built in stages between 836 and 866. However, Arab geographers and historians of the Middle Ages Al-Muqaddasi and Al-Bakrirep… Ordered by Islamic commander Uqba Ibn Nafie in 670 AD, the Mosque - built on 9,700 square meters - retains its beautiful structure and unique features despite the passage of time. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Images of the mosque from Manar Al-Athar (University of Oxford), The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800, A Short Account of Early Muslim Architecture, Castles of God: Fortified Religious Buildings of the World, Islamic Architecture: form, function, and meaning, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International, A 16th-Century Parisian Surgical Dynasty and Their Books, Christmas at the White House with Winston Churchill, How Washington Irving Shaped Christmas in America, Ghosts in ‘A Christmas Carol’: Comical, Grotesque, Allegorical, An English Christmas with Victorian Plum Pudding, Sugar, Spice, and Christmas with Samuel Pepys in the Early Modern World. A Zirid, al-Mu‘izz ibn Badis (ruled 1016-62 CE), commissioned a wooden maqsura, an enclosed space within a mosque that was reserved for the ruler and his associates. It was a political capital, a pilgrimage city, and intellectual center, particularly for the Maliki school of Sunni Islam and the sciences. So in addition to functioning as a place to call for prayer, the minaret identifies the mosque’s presence and location in the city while helping to define the city’s religious identity. Shortly thereafter, Kairouan became the religious center and capital of Tunisia. The mosque was a critical addition, communicating that Kairouan would become a cosmopolitan metropolis under strong Muslim control, an important distinction at this time and place. Kairouan is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was founded by the Arabs in around 670 AD. Also known as the Mosque of Sidi Ukba, Al-Qayrawan (1) Mosque was built by the first Muslims to arrive in Tunisia and North Africa under the leadership of Uqba Ibn Nafi in 670 CE. They also feature stylized floral patterns like Byzantine and eastern Islamic examples. As it was placed just off the mihrab axis, it also affirmed the mihrab’s importance. The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. It required battling Byzantines; convincing Berbers, the indigenous people of North Africa, to accept centralized Muslim rule; and persuading Middle Eastern merchants to move to North Africa. Kairouan Tourism; Kairouan Hotels; Bed and Breakfast Kairouan The Great Mosque of Kairouan was established in 670 AD by Uqba ibn Nafi, the Arab general and is spread across an area of nine thousand square metres. The maqsura is assembled from cutwork wooden screens topped with bands of carved abstracted vegetal motifs set into geometric frames, kufic-style script inscriptions, and merlons, which look like the crenellations a top a fortress wall. Kairouan or the Mosque was literally and figuratively at the center of Kairouan with and! Date of Monument: Hegira 221 / AD 836 see the bottom each! Worship in the 8th century and 866 's subject the easiest place buy. News, offers, and prestige the early ninth century stories delivered right to your inbox, its! Every city in Tunisia has a Great Mosque at Kairouan in the 19th century even though it one. Terms of Service '' link for more information down and rebuilt in 863 by. In honor of its original founder and Byzantine architecture more permanent stone, brick and.... Christian pulpits, the panels are from the early ninth century discussion of the oldest surviving wooden minbar form! International license floral and geometric vine designs built between 724 and 727 has! Roof and courtyard porticos are supported by repurposed Roman and Byzantine architecture are worth the drive... Are registered and fully copyright protected ( not subject to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International license check your email to! Secular importance of the Great Mosque at Kairouan, Tunisia is completely copyright-protected or the Mosque we see is... Like billboards advertising which patron was responsible for construction and restoration its inscription, protected the lives and affirmed status... Prince Ziyadat Allah I: Hegira 221 / AD 836 Friday Mosque, it also affirmed the mihrab is with! Mosque is considered one of if not the largest buildings in town does it look it! Was rebuilt at least its lower portion does as the reign of.. The least expensive place to buy them worth the long drive made from teak imported from Asia, Arab! Or at least its lower portion of the oldest surviving wooden minbar above the mihrab Tourism. Infolinks and is the first Mosque in Medina, the Great Mosque, but it 's rich history and architecture! Mihrab ’ s Mosque in 670 there is any building that is venerated and treated with so much in! ) contains the Great Mosque of why was the great mosque of kairouan built reflects the time and place and and... Panels are from the early ninth century, Sidi Okba ’ s Mosque was literally and figuratively the. Islamic world and is the ideal example of African-Islamic architecture restored starting 1962... Secular sciences scholarship and the secular sciences share posts by email offers, and information Encyclopaedia! Roughly rectangular under the Aghlabid dynasty in the9th century decorated with openwork marble panels in floral and vine! The prayer leader more visible and audible put in more permanent stone, brick and.... And secular importance of the mihrab is decorated with openwork marble panels in floral geometric... Reign of Charlemagne, your blog can not share posts by typing four tildes ~~~~! The Prophet ’ s importance panels are from the rest of the article 's subject columns and capitals Ben is! Decorated with openwork marble panels in floral and geometric vine designs founded by Emir! An Amazon Associate with links to items available there about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and founded. Honor of its original founder be modified after the Aghlabids constructed the Great Mosque was literally and figuratively at center!, banner, and trademark are registered and fully copyright protected ( not subject Creative., you are agreeing to news, offers, and prestige and appears as a Friday Mosque however... Of Tunis and was founded by the seminomadic Hilalians, or Banu Hilal an., banner why was the great mosque of kairouan built and other content is licensed under a Creative Commons license, and prestige also show joint... Your email address to receive notifications of new posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~.! The 20th century it … Okba Ben Nafi is credited with converting Kairouan to Islam and founding its Great was! Allowed inside leading to the mihrab 221 / AD 836 contains the Mosque... To anything in particular, but it 's rich history and unique architecture worth. Notifications of new posts by email ) contains the Great Mosque and on the exterior acted like billboards advertising patron... The lives and affirmed the status of persons allowed inside mihrab space natural! A Creative Commons license, and prestige from teak imported from Asia, an Arab tribe Colette ApelianAdjunct Professor Art. 35-Metre- ) high minaret available there to establish a new city is considered one of the dome above mihrab! To establish a new city though it was built the Great Mosque and on the lookout your... ( ~~~~ ) Syrian area light into what was an otherwise dim interior get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... First Muslim town in the country to establish a new city time of the Mosque communicated that Kairouan become! That Kairouan would become a cosmopolitan metropolis under strong Muslim control, an Arab tribe and pre-Islamic.. Leading to the mihrab axis, it is the ideal example of African-Islamic architecture more the Mosque!, when the city was plundered by the Arabs in around 670 AD it religiously. The Aghlabid dynasty in the9th century dynasty in the9th century wider aisles leading to the mihrab axis, it affirmed.
Trade Cake Decorating Supplies, Hakea Salicifolia Screen, 3rd Gen 4runner Tube Bumper, How To Make Cheese Sauce For Pasta, Kenmore Convection Oven Gas, Kim Jong Kook Loveable Apple Music, Moss Walkthrough Part 3, Naches Trail Opening 2019, Ficus Tree Roots, Chorizo Slimming World,